|The global demand for aluminium is seeing strong growth, underpinned by the increase of the world population along with a rapid development and urbanization of the developing countries. The global consumption of aluminium is forecast to rise by 6.5% per year between 2011 and 2015, reaching approximately 58 million tonnes in 2015.
Today, China’s aluminium per capita consumption is estimated at 10 kg compared to 15 kg plus in developed countries.
Rapidly urbanizing India is possibly the second most promising aluminium market globally. Low level of aluminium consumption in India (today estimated at just 1 kg per capita) and high rates of urban population growth make a favorable combination: provided the country will catch up with China in terms of consumption per capita, with population of 1.2 billion people it will add 10.8 million tonnes to the global aluminium consumption.
The mature economies, where transport is the largest application, also boost the consumption of aluminium. A strong focus on environmental stewardship and tight restrictions on carbon emissions, set in most developed countries, mean the automakers need to increase the energy efficiency of the produced vehicles. Due to its lightness, aluminium reduces the weight of a vehicle, decreasing fuel consumption and cutting hazardous emissions.
The average content of aluminium in the cars worldwide has grown from 3% in 1977 to 9.7% in 2012.
On average, the light vehicles in the US and the EU member countries contain 148 kg of aluminium. In Japanese cars, aluminium accounts for 8% of the total weight.